30th Sunday in Ordinary Time 2019 – Year C

27 October 2019

Sirach 35.12-14,16-18
2 Timothy 4.6-8
Luke 18.9-14

Some years ago I attended a prayer meeting. The leader invited those present to share their experiences of God’s goodness to them. The first few speakers shared simply and quietly. The next was a man who seemed very full of himself. Admittedly he started off by thanking God but then continued to tell us all that he had done as a Christian. People started to get bored with his boasting. Then, when there was a pause in his talking the leader quietly but firmly thanked him and asked another to speak next.

He came to mind when I was reflecting on today’s parable. It speaks of two people, a Pharisee and a publican. The danger is that we might regard the Pharisee in the story with the same attitude as the Pharisee regarded the publican. We might conclude having read the story, ‘Thank God I am not like that Pharisee!’ But that is exactly the point of the story. Maybe we are more like the Pharisee than we realise. We may have Pharisaical attitudes, at least some of the time. Every time we judge others harshly are we not regarding ourselves as better than they are? We can have a judgmental attitude when even if we are unaware of it, we compare ourselves with others and see ourselves as better than they are. Comparisons can be diabolical. Jesus hardly ever compares people. We don’t find him comparing Peter with John, or the younger son with the elder son in the story of the Prodigal Son. So we might think we are not like the Taliban and the way they treat their women as very inferior beings. We may thank God my daughter is not an unmarried mother or my son is not on drugs or has AIDS as others do. What of those who are separated or have had an abortion? Anytime we do this with a hint of superiority are we not being Pharisaical? Obviously one doesn’t one need to agree with these but what of our attitudes towards people who may be involved? If we want to compare ourselves with anyone let us compare ourselves with Jesus and very quickly we will see how we are in reality.

We must remember that the Pharisees were good people. They were strict Jews and tried to follow the teachings of scripture in their daily lives. The problem with the Pharisee in the parable Jesus told is that he was too aware of his goodness and too unaware of his faults. Thus, he was self-righteous and arrogant. Even though he begins by addressing God, his focus was totally on himself as if the good he did were of his own making without need of God’s grace or help. He wished others to hear how good he was. He didn’t seem to be aware of his need of God and just wanted God to approve of what he was doing and reward him. Basically he had a profit and loss attitude to God. He was more or less saying to God. ‘Look how virtuous I am. Surely you will have to reward me for all my efforts’. It was as if God was in great need of his virtuous life and he, in his turn, had no need of God

This Pharisee didn’t see any need to improve his life. He felt he was doing all that was asked of God. The invitation to pray is an invitation to be honest. The object of prayer is not ‘to babble as the pagans do’ but to listen quietly to God to hear the truth about ourselves as God reveals it and to change accordingly with the help of the Holy Spirit. Humbling ourselves doesn’t mean to say negative or bad things about ourselves. It means telling the truth, accepting our giftedness from God and calling on his help in the areas we need to improve in. Prayer is not simply something we do but what we receive. In real prayer we receive the truth about ourselves from God, just as we are. Humility leads to a deeper knowledge of oneself and of one’s need for a deeper relationship with God.

This is equally true of us as a Church. We are a church of sinners. It is not a sanctuary for saints only but a hospital for sinners! We must beware of thinking we have all the truth clearly defined and think we have no need to learn from others who are not Christians.

Let us beware of making the publican in the story a hero as if he had no faults. Generally publicans were those who worked for the Roman army of occupation. They were hated by their fellow Jews. Generally they were corrupt people and very much into taking bribes. But the point Jesus is making in the parable is the stance of this publican. He realised he was a sinner. He knew he was in great need of God. His focus was on a God of mercy to whom he turned humbly and acknowledged his great need.

The frightening thing about the parable is that the so-called holy one, the Pharisee was not at rights with God but convinced he was whilst the other, the publican, the sinner was. His main virtue was his awareness that he thought he had no virtue and therefore felt in total need of God’s mercy.

The good news of the parable seems clear – God wants to lavish us with his love, with his gifts. But if our hearts are full of our own importance, of pride, what space is there to receive God’s blessings?

‘Jesus, gentle and humble of heart, empty our hearts of pride and make our hearts like your own. Amen’

Fr. Jim Kirstein, SMA

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